The climate that La Vega Baja del Segura, at the south of the Costa Blanca, enjoys is the so-called Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by great natural conditions: clear skies and mild temperatures throughout the year. The main characteristics of the Mediterranean climate are: dry summers, its precipitations are not very abundant, and relatively wet winters. The precipitations are variable and in general scarce, between 400 and 600 litres per square meter per year. They occur mainly in autumn and spring. Temperatures are mild throughout the year, with little annual thermal amplitude (about 15ºC), presenting summers somewhat hot and mild winters in which the temperatures of OºC are rare.
Agriculture and environment are one of the main features of the Vega Baja region. It has an important ecological heritage that is reflected in the great diversity of landscapes with strong contrasts between them. Thanks to the río Segura (Segura River), and following its course, we can distinguish two different landscapes: the dry and the orchard. Also, in contrast to the great plain of the orchard, we can highlight the Sierra de Orihuela, Callosa de Segura and Albatera, and on the right bank of the Segura River we find another mountainous alignment where the Sierra Escalona stands out. All these mountains, which have a great ecological and landscape value, are representative of the native fauna and flora.
Moving to the coast from north to south, the orchard and the sea join at the mouth of the Segura River and discover a complex of dunes, originated by the contributions of the sea and the river, and an extensive pine forest. We can also find on the coast the wetland formed by the Natural Park of Lagunas de La Mata and Torrevieja, listed as a ZEPA area (“Zona Especial de Protección para Aves” / special protection area for birds). As the traveller moves to the south, he will find typical Mediterranean forests, and beaches of crystalline and sandy waters in the north.
The orchard is the traditional cultivation area of the Vega Baja region. It is characterized by multiple division of the terraces planted with different crops that make up a mosaic of interconnected shapes and colours, with an extensive network of rural roads, trails without asphalting and ditches where water brings life to crops and, of course, the Segura River.
The orchard, in the region of the Vega Baja, constitutes a cultural, socioeconomic and environmental landscape, the result of the work of many generations over the centuries, constituting environmental, cultural and economic values, which are the main distinguishing mark of the region. In addition to an economic and productive value, the garden is a space to be conserved so that it does not disappear from the environmental and heritage values. With regard to crops, the orchard in this region has undergone a transformation process, currently growing citrus crops, fruits, vegetables, specially the orange, lemon, artichoke, melon, watermelon, potato, celery, broccoli, beans, lettuce, etc.
The Segura River is one of the most important elements of the Comarca de la Vega Baja, Thanks to the river, the rooted customs of the towns that cross its path have been created. The Segura basin has 18,651 square kilometres of surface area in the provinces of Jaén, Granada, Almería, Albacete, Murcia and Alicante. The river Segura called “Staber” by the Greeks, “Thader” by the Romans and “Sakura” by the Arabs, was born in Pontones (Jaén), Sierra de Cazorla and flows into Guardamar del Segura (Alicante), with a length of 350 Km.
The Iberian tradition is one of the most important legacies of the region, its first settlers settled their homes in the vicinity of the Segura River. However, it was the Arabs who most benefited from the river.
The Vega Baja, south of the Costa Blanca, offers its inhabitants an incredible quality of life. For more information regarding the region, we invite you to read our article Guardamar del Segura, Costa Blanca, leisure and sports all year round.